Canada’s smallest province is known for its friendly locals, red sand beaches, potato farms, and Lucy Maud Montgomery's Anne of Green Gables, PEI is also a cyclists dream.
It was the first province to complete its section of the Trans Canada Trail, with the 'Confederation Trail' reaching from the far west to the far east coast of the island – A route which is known locally as the 'tip-to-tip' trail – with six spur lines to communities on the coast. The trail itself is a modified abandoned railway line, like the majority of Trans Canada Trail sections across the country, and takes you through farmland, hardwood forest, wetlands, rivers, small towns, and charming former railway stations.
As a small island province, Prince Edward Island depends on the land and the sea as the basis for its primary industries – agriculture, tourism, and fisheries.
Apart from the typical tourist sites surrounding Anne of Green Gables and welcoming beaches, visitors are enchanted by the fishing industry (particularly lobster and cod) which is not only enjoyed at the dinner table (including PEI’s famous Lobster Suppers) but also in the form of day excursions such as lobster trapping, clam digging, and deep sea fishing tours.
Prince Edward Island is located off the eastern coast of Canada, nestled between the provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Québec and Newfoundland and Labrador in the Gulf of St. Lawrence.
PEI’s shape and many of its geological features are the result of glacial debris and scouring from the last ice age. The weight of these glaciers combined with lower ocean beds created a depressed section of land covering much of the present Northumberland Straight. About 5,000 years ago, the sea level rose, removing the land bridge and creating the crescent-shaped island that you see today.
Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island's capital city, is roughly 1600 km (1000 miles) from Toronto, 1000 km (625 miles) from Montréal, 1100 km (650 miles) from Boston, and 1450 km (850 miles) from New York City. Its latitude of 46'14" N equals the south of France, the Danube River, the Mongolia-China border, and northern Oregon in the U.S.A. Its longitude of 63'08" W is shared with Venezuela, Argentina and the island of St. Kitts in the Caribbean.
Commonly referred to as the ‘Gentle Island’ (Due to its relaxed pace, friendly locals, and gentle rolling landscape), PEI maintains a living Celtic, Gaelic, Acadian and Mi’kmaq heritage.
The influence of Scottish, English, and Irish culture is found throughout the island in family names, accents, and the popularity of Celtic music. The blend of cultures is represented in a lively way – Keep your eyes and ears open for popular Ceilidhs (“Kay-Lee”: Gaelic word meaning ‘party’ or ‘good time’), Acadian dinner theatre, and First Nations Powwows.
“The Gentle Island” (Due to its relaxed pace, friendly locals, and gentle rolling landscape), and probably more internationally than locally as “The Land of Anne of Green Gables” (After Lucy Maud Montgomery’s bestselling novel). Visitors can experience the French Acadian culture in the western part of the island which has been strengthened in recent years. *The Cajuns of Southern Louisiana are descendants of these early French Canadian deportees – The word ‘Cajun’ resulting from a mispronunciation of the French ‘Acadien’.
Spring is comfortable with rainfall highest in April. Late May and early June are alive with colour and temperatures usually range from 8 to 22 degrees C (46 to 71 degrees F).
Summer is hot, but rarely humid. Daytime temperatures from July through September are usually in the 20s (70s) and can go as high as 32 degrees C (90 degrees F).
Autumn is clear and bright. September afternoons can be quite warm, evenings cool. Temperatures range from 8 to 22 degrees C (46 to 71 degrees F).
Winter is crisp and clean. Temperatures from November through March usually range from -3 to -11 degrees C (26 to 11 degrees F).