New Brunswick is Canada’s hidden gem just waiting to be discovered.
Most tourists are drawn to the Bay of Fundy’s Hopewell Rocks for stunning views and to experience the World’s highest tides by walking the ocean floor before it fills with up to 14m of water within hours. Who can blame them?
But did you know that further west along the Bay lies one of the last remaining stretches of coastal wilderness on the east coast of North America?
The UNESCO Fundy Biosphere reserve hosts impressive flora and fauna and is home to the remote and rugged Fundy Footpath – A 49km section of the Trans Canada Trail requiring well-timed tidal crossings and navigation, not to mention some strong quads to get you up and down multiple switchbacks and ladders.
But there is more to this province than the Bay of Fundy. Each of New Brunswick’s 9 provincial parks offers a uniquely different experience.
The northwest of the province features the highest peak in the Maritimes, nestled in the Appalachian Mountains which stretch from the state of Main, across the border and all the way through to Newfoundland.
The province’s northeast features the charming Acadian Coast known for its living history, fresh seafood, and warm water beaches; And much of the province’s landscape is influenced by its rivers, including the mighty Miramichi and St. John.
New Brunswick is Canada’s largest Maritime province, right above the American state of Maine and beside Quebec.
Its eastern edge is the gateway to the Nova Scotia peninsula as well as Prince Edward Island via the world-famous Confederation Bridge.
The Bay of Fundy lies along the southeast coast, separating New Brunswick from Nova Scotia.
Fredericton is New Brunswick’s charming capital city, however the city of Moncton, generally serves as the gateway to both the Fundy and Acadian coasts.
Saint John (Not to be confused with St. John’s, Newfoundland), is also a convenient entry point to explore Fundy and to catch a ferry to neighbouring Nova Scotia.
New Brunswick is Canada’s only officially bilingual province with approximately one third of its population claiming French as its mother tongue, a legacy of the French Acadian settlers who first arrived in the seventeenth century.
A Francophone from Quebec or France, however, will have a difficult time understanding the Maritime dialect which retained features that died out during the French standardization of the nineteenth century.
Within North America, its closest relative is the Cajun French spoken in Southern Louisiana as the two were born out of the same population that were affected during the Grand Derangement.
The Acadian people, concentrated largely along the Acadian Coast of New Brunswick, are naturally welcoming and love joyous celebrations.
To really see their culture come to life, visit the Village Historique Acadien and feel the heart of L’Acadie during their national holiday at a “Tintamarre” (August 15th), where thousands take to the street in a parade of song, dance, and noisemaking.
Discover the culture of people whose way of life isn’t about the destination, it’s about the journey.
Typical of all Canadian Maritime provinces, a significant portion of the population claims direct Scottish ancestry, and the Scottish heritage is proudly on display at the Highland Games held annually in Fredericton.
Spring brings delicious treats from April to mid June, like local fiddleheads and maple syrup along with budding plants and flowers. Temperatures range from -3 to 22 degrees C (26 to 71 degrees F).
Summer is the time to enjoy over 50 beaches, hiking and cycling trails, delicious bounty from the ocean, and fun festivals. Daytime temperatures can be hot, but the evenings can be quite chilly along the coast. Temperatures from mid June to mid September are usually from 8 to 28 C (46 to 82 degrees F).
Autumn is spectacular in New Brunswick, bringing breathtaking fall foliage as far as the eyes can see, as well as delicious fall harvests. Mid-September to late October, temperatures range from -8 to 15 degrees C (18 to 60 degrees F).
Winter brings 300-400cm of snow a year! It is crisp, clean, and can be quite long. Temperatures from late November to mid March usually range from -19 to 3 degrees C (-3 to 37 degrees F).
We recommend visiting Environment Canada’s website for information specific to the region in which you are travelling.